中国建筑业工匠精神的兴衰原因研究
张仕廉 王玉合 唐笑宇 杨晶晶
(重庆大学建设管理与房地产学院,重庆 400045)
文献要素

摘要:考虑中国情境,借鉴中国历史经验对当前的建筑业工匠精神培养大有裨益。把中国建筑业的发展分成农耕时代、快速工业化过程、后工业化时代三个阶段,探讨各个时期工匠精神的兴衰原因。结果显示用制度去培养工匠、用文化去涵养工匠精神、具有独立人格的工匠是农耕时代建筑业长期保有工匠精神的兴盛原因;建筑业发展太快、机会太多和缺少工匠型企业家则是快速工业化过程中建筑业工匠精神中衰的重要原因;转型升级需要、培育新的发展动能等是后工业化时代建筑业重塑工匠精神的复兴动因。
关键词:建筑业;工匠精神;中国情境;兴衰原因
Abstract:Considering China’s context and learning from historical experience is beneficial for cultivating the craftsman spirit in construction industry. This paper divides the development of Chinese construction industry into three stages:the farming era,fast industrialization era and post industrialization era,discusses the evolution reasons for the craftsman spirit in different periods. The results show that,depending on system to train artisan,using culture to form self–restraint among craftsmen and artisan with an independent personality are the main reasons that Chinese construction industry had retained such spirit for a long time in the farming era,construction industry growing too fast,too many opportunities and a shortage of artisan entrepreneurs are the important reasons that construction industry lost the spirit during the process of rapid industrialization,discussing the transformation and upgrading,cultivating new development kinetic energy for construction industry are the reborn causes of reshaping the craftsman spirit in the post industrial era. Finally,summarizes reference for reinventing the spirit of the craftsman.
Keywords:construction industry;craftsman spirit;Chinese context;evolution reason
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